Prior to kickoff:
The kickoff is determined by a coin toss. The captain of the visiting team calls
it in the air. The winner chooses which goal they will defend or they may elect
to choose kickoff in the first half. If the second option is chosen, the captain
of the opposing team decides which goal they will defend.
The kickoff is kicked from the center point on the center line. The ball must
roll one complete revolution before any player on either team can touch it.
After this, it is free to the first player that gets to it.
A hand ball is when a player other than the goalie touches the ball with any
part of their arm from the shoulder to the fingers. Sometimes the call will not
be made if the player that committed the hand ball, or his team, did not get an
advantage or possession.
These calls are made very seldom. Obstruction is
when a player stops another player from getting the ball by running in their way
purposely without any intent of going for the ball.
A foul, as in basketball or football, is an illegal play. Knocking a player
down, tripping them, or grabbing their jersey are all examples of fouls. They
can result in free kicks as well as a yellow or even red card if the play is
A yellow card is issued when a player commits a foul that is considered
dangerous to the opposing player. If two of these
cards are accumulated during the course of one game a red card will be issued
and the player must leave the game. A yellow may also be issued if the player
holds the ball out of bounds too long in order to waste time at the end of the
game if their team is winning. There is no set limit of time that can be spent
holding the ball. The referee is in charge of
deciding how much time is enough.
A red card is the most serious punishment in the game of soccer. The player
that receives the card will be kicked out of the game. In high school soccer the
referee has the final say in whether or not player
must miss the next game. The coach of the team may also enforce a team issued
code of conduct that says the player will miss a set number of games. Red cards
can be issued to a player that has already received a yellow card and commits
another foul. Excessive arguing may also be grounds for a red card. Purposely
hitting the ball with your hand or hitting the ball while the goalie has it in
his hands are also red cardable
An offsides call will be made if an attacking player
has two or less defending players between him and the goal he is attacking. The
call will not be made if the player that is in the offsides
position does not interfere with the play. A player cannot be offsides
on their own half of the field.
Any time that any foul or handball is committed, the other team receives a free
kick. When taking these the other team must be at least ten yards away. After
three or four warnings the player closest to the referee
that is not far enough away may get a yellow card. If the kick is awarded close
to the goal, 25 to 30 yards away from the goal, the other team will usually form
a "wall". Sometimes the ball will be sent directly
into the wall on the first kick and after that the players in the wall will be a
little more cautious in the forming of their "wall".
This is the direct result of a foul in the large box, or penalty box. The referee
will mark off 12 paces from the center of the goal line. The goalie of the team
that committed the foul will have to try and stop the kick from the person that
the other team chooses to take their free kicks. These can also be the result of
a hand ball. The goalie cannot move until the kicker takes their first step.
When the ball is kicked over the end line by a player attacking that end a goal
kick is awarded. This means that the goalie of that end may kick the ball from
the box in front of the goal.
This is awarded when a player kicks the ball over the end line that he is
defending. There are four corner flags on the corners of the field. A player
from the other team kicks the ball from the corner closest to where the ball
went out at.
This means that a free kick can go directly into the goal off of a free kick.
This means that a player cannot kick the ball directly into the net. It must be
touched by at least one other player from either team before the ball can be
kicked into the net.
Out of bounds:
Unlike basketball, the ball does must be completely over the line to be called.
The call can be made before the ball even touches the ground. A player can be
standing out of bounds and not be called if the ball is still not out.